Hold aloft the great red flag of 'Charter of the Anshan Iron and Steel Corporation', raise up the high tide of grasping the revolution and promoting production
Artist: Shenyang Propaganda Poster Study Group
Publisher: Liaoning People's Publishing House
Size (mm): 534x767
Condition: Very good, creasing to margins, repairs to margins on rear, light fold mark
The Anshan Iron and Steel Corporation is a major steel producer situated in Liaoning province and was for a long period China's largest industrial organisation. During the 1950s the plant adopted the Soviet system of management which placed sole authority in the hands of one director. This structure, which placed the workers in an inferior position, was a common feature in many Chinese factories post-1949 and led to conflict at the highest level of the Chinese Communist Party.
In the late 1950s the Anshan Party Committee, supported by the plant's workers, attempted to drastically alter this management structure by replacing the Soviet system with a decentralised authority structure. Mao championed this move in the charter, which he said contained five principles: give prominence to politics; strengthen the leadership of the Party; unfold mass movements in a big way; promote participation by the proletariat; carry out technical reform. The Anshan corporation was a great proponent of the rapid development of the country's steel production during the Great Leap Forward.
The banner at the top of the poster reads: xue Daqing jingshen zou Daqing daolu ban Daqing shi qiye (learn from the Daqing spirit, follow the path of Daqing, follow the Daqing style of enterprise)
Daqing is China's largest oilfield, situated in Heilongjiang province in the far north-east of the country. In 1964 it was awarded national model status, after its successes in production were feted as proof that China could stand on its own without Soviet support.